Stories in this Theme

What it looks like: The Green Sawfish is large, greenish-brown to olive sawfish. It has been reported to reach 7.3 m in length, but more often grows to less than 5 m. It has a slender, saw-shaped snout with 24 to 34 pairs of teeth, or modified scales, which become closer together toward the tip. Its body is pale underneath and it has rough skin.

What it looks like: The Freshwater Sawfish is a large sawfish that is reputed to reach up to 7 m, but is more commonly less than 3 m. Its body is yellowish above, pale below, slender and shark-like. Its saw-shaped snout has 23 pairs of teeth, or modified scales. Like other sawfish, it has five pairs of gill openings on its head.

What it looks like: The shell of the Flatback Turtle is greenish-grey, has four large scales arranged either side, curves up at the edges, and can be nearly a metre in length. This marine turtle leaves symmetrical tracks in the sand.

What it looks like: The Dwarf Sawfish is a relatively small sawfish that reach only about 1.4 m in length. Its a broad, saw-shaped snout has between 18 and 22 teeth, or modified scales. It uses this highly sensitive saw to detect movement of bottom-dwelling prey, such as molluscs and crustaceans. When threatened, it can also use it as a weapon.

What it looks like: The Australian Snubfin is a small dolphin that can grow to 2.7m long, but is usually smaller. It gets it name from the small triangular fin on its back. Its blunt head has a round forehead and a ‘smiling’ mouthline. Snubfins are pale grey in colour, but in some lights can appear almost black.

What it looks like: Native Walnut is a rainforest tree that can sometimes grow up to 20 metres tall. It has shiny green leaves that are bluish underneath. Its pale green to cream flowers, which are sometimes perfumed, turn brown as they mature, and produce black fruit.


Goats were brought to Australia on the First Fleet as a source of meat and milk. They were taken wherever early settlers went, and many were released into the wild. Feral Goats are currently not a problem in mainland Northern Territory, with their spread being kept in check by Dingos. However, they are found on a few offshore islands, including North Goulburn Island, Truant Island, off Nhulunbuy, and Vanderlin and West Islands in the Sir Edward Pellew group.

A wetland is any non-marine environment that is, to some extent, water-dominated. Wetlands can be comprised of standing water, such as in a lake; of flowing water, as in a stream or estuary; or merely of water that saturates the soil for significant periods. They may be fresh or saline, and fed by tidal waters, stream flow or groundwater.
Wetlands may be permanent, or last only a few weeks each year, or a few months every decade or so. Wetlands include the riparian zone and floodplains along creeks and rivers and the vegetation growing in them.

What it looks like: This is a showy Ground Orchid with numerous white flowers on a long tall inflorescence growing from a rosette of basal leaves.