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What it looks like: Darwin Palm, also known as MacArthur Palm, is a slender multi-stemmed plant of the rainforest understorey. Its bright green fronds have numerous opposite pairs of long, simple leaflets. It produces large, cascading clusters of bright red fruit.

What it looks like: Climbing Pandan is a large woody climber. Its strappy, sharply-toothed leaves can be as long as 80 cm. It produces brownish male and orange to pink female flowers in separate spikes, and tight, cone-like crimson fruit.

What it looks like: The Canefield Rat is a medium-sized, communal rodent with particularly short legs. Except for its pale grey belly and ears, it has dark golden-brown, coarse, almost spiny fur and long guard hairs on its rump.

What it looks like: This large bat has dark reddish-brown to black fur with white speckling. Its rump is furless, and the tip of its tail extends beyond its tail membrane.

What it looks like: Australian Sugar Palm is a multi-stemmed palm that can grow up to 16 metres tall, and produces new suckers from the base of existing plants. Its 5 metre fronds have long strappy, pale green leaflets. It produces weeping clusters of fleshy pink fruit.

What it looks like: Australian Bustards are tall birds usually seen singly or in small groups. They have a brown body and black cap. Males puff out their long white necks in breeding displays. Females are smaller and greyer. Reluctant to fly, bustards usually scurry away when disturbed.


Pigs are abundant in the Top End, with highest numbers in the Darwin-Daly region and western Arnhem Land. They are also common in parts of the Barkly and Gulf regions. Though less numerous in Central Australia, if not eradicated, Pigs could become a problem for wildlife in the MacDonnell Ranges.

What it looks like: This small Ground Orchid has fleshy, creeping stems, each with three to seven oval leaves. Its dull green and white flowers barely open to display themselves. A perennial plant, it is adapted to extremes of wet and dry conditions. As the soil dries and hardens at the start of the dry season, resources are transferred from above ground parts to underground tubers.

Jack Lakes Wetlands Biodiversity Assessment, November 2007 & June 2008  APPENDICES

Jack Lakes is one of the most extensive wetland systems on South-eastern Cape York Peninsula. Biodiversity surveys of Jack Lakes were conducted by CYMAG scientists, Queensland Parks & Wildlife (QPW) and flora and fauna consultants at the end of the dry season (November 2007) and the end of the wet season (June 2008). The major objectives of the survey were to assess biodiversity through fauna and flora surveys, to identify threats to the biodiversity and to provide recommendations for the future management of Jack Lakes.