Stories in this Theme

Introduction
A wetland is any non-marine environment that is, to some extent, water-dominated. Wetlands can be comprised of standing water, such as in a lake; of flowing water, as in a stream or estuary; or merely of water that saturates the soil for significant periods. They may be fresh or saline, and fed by tidal waters, stream flow or groundwater.
Wetlands may be permanent, or last only a few weeks each year, or a few months every decade or so. Wetlands include the riparian zone and floodplains along creeks and rivers and the vegetation growing in them.

What it looks like: The Olive Ridley is the smallest Australian sea turtle, only reaching 70 cm in length. It has an olive-grey shell, with six large scales along either side of its back.

What it looks like: Narrow-leaf Climbing Pandan is a branching, woody climber that attaches to trees with roots produced along its stems. It has long, fine prickly leaves, produces yellow male and white female flowers in separate spikes and has strawberry-red cone-like fruits.

What it looks like: The Masked Owl is a large, speckled bird with big, dark eyes and a narrow pointed bill set in a pale, flat, heart-shaped face. Its chest and belly are white or chestnut, and its back and wings are dark grey to brown. It has strong-clawed, well-feathered legs. It calls with a combination of loud shrieks and whistles.

What it looks like: The King Fern, elsewhere known as the Giant Fern, is a distinctive large ground-dwelling fern with massive green fronds arising from a short or non-existent trunk.

What it looks like: The Green Turtle is the most abundant of sea turtles in Northern Territory waters. It can be distinguished from other turtles by its olive-green, heart-shaped, darkly patterned shell and four pairs of shields between the centre and outer margin of the shell. Adults can grow to a metre long. They leave a symmetrical trail in the sand.

What it looks like: Emus are huge flightless birds with long legs and necks. They can grow to nearly 2 metres tall. Their shaggy plumage can vary in colour from pale greyish brown to greyish buff with black spots. Young Emus are striped dark brown over a buff-coloured down.

What it looks like: Darwin Palm, also known as MacArthur Palm, is a slender multi-stemmed plant of the rainforest understorey. Its bright green fronds have numerous opposite pairs of long, simple leaflets. It produces large, cascading clusters of bright red fruit.

What it looks like: The Canefield Rat is a medium-sized, communal rodent with particularly short legs. Except for its pale grey belly and ears, it has dark golden-brown, coarse, almost spiny fur and long guard hairs on its rump.